What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological (anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system) in origin, according to the International Dyslexia Association. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding (breaking down the word) abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological (speech sounds used in a language) component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.
Individuals with dyslexia have average or above-average intelligence. Dyslexia is not the result of a lack of motivation, sensory impairment, inadequate instructional or environmental opportunities, or other limiting conditions, but may occur together with these conditions. Although dyslexia is lifelong, individuals with dyslexia frequently respond successfully to timely and appropriate intervention.
Newberg-Dundee Public Schools is committed to ensuring students receive appropriate, evidenced-based instruction in literacy. Students who struggle receive specific and individualized interventions to support their reading development. If a student does not respond to appropriate interventions, the school team with the parents will explore whether a referral for special education is warranted. A special education evaluation would be completed to determine whether the student would qualify under the label specific learning disability.
Students who qualify for special education under specific learning disabilities will have an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) developed by a team, including general education, special education, family, and the student. The IEP outlines the goals, accommodations, modifications, and services that the School District will provide.